Hiring guide for LSE Engineers

LSE Developer Hiring Guide

LSE, or Langage symbolique d'enseignement, is a programming language that stands as a testament to the evolution and progression of computer science. A product of the mid-20th century, it was born out of a need to simplify the programming process and make it more accessible, thereby democratizing the field of computational programming. Developed in 1966 by the French Computer Science Institute, LSE is a high-level, procedural programming language. It was created as a pedagogical tool, designed to introduce the principles of computer programming to students in secondary and higher education. Its primary aim was to foster a deeper understanding of programming logic, without the intensive requirement of mastering a complex syntax. The LSE language is characterized by its high readability and ease of understanding, with a syntax that closely resembles natural language. It was a deliberate deviation from the machine-oriented languages prevalent at the time, and its user-friendly nature was instrumental in its widespread adoption in the French-speaking educational sector. LSE is nuanced in its execution and multi-faceted in its uses. It provides a robust platform to comprehend the relationships between data structures, algorithms, and procedural abstraction, which are the cornerstones of programming. It allows students to grasp the abstract concepts of programming by bridging the gap between the machine and the human language. Though LSE is no longer in widespread use, having been replaced by more modern languages, it remains an important milestone in programming history. It was one of the early languages that prioritized user-friendliness and accessibility, setting the stage for the development of later high-level languages. In its essence, LSE was more than just a programming language; it was a revolutionary tool that made programming an attainable skill for a wider audience. It was a manifestation of the philosophy that coding should not be an esoteric discipline, but rather a universal literacy. Through its simplicity and accessibility, it played a pivotal role in the democratization of programming education, leaving an indelible impact on the field of computer science.

Ask the right questions secure the right LSE talent among an increasingly shrinking pool of talent.

First 20 minutes

General LSE app knowledge and experience

The first 20 minutes of the interview should seek to understand the candidate's general background in LSE application development, including their experience with various programming languages, databases, and their approach to designing scalable and maintainable systems.

How would you describe the basic structure of an LSE program?
An LSE program typically consists of a series of statements and expressions, organized into procedures and modules. It includes declarations, assignments, control structures such as loops and conditionals, and calls to procedures or functions.
What are the key features of LSE?
LSE is known for its robustness, scalability, and high performance. It supports procedural programming, and it's designed for developing large and complex software systems. It also supports strong typing, exception handling, and concurrency.
Describe the difference between static and dynamic typing in LSE.
In static typing, the type of a variable is checked at compile-time, while in dynamic typing, it's checked at runtime. LSE is a statically-typed language, which means that type errors are caught early in the development process, reducing the likelihood of runtime errors.
How would you handle exceptions in LSE?
LSE provides a mechanism for exception handling, which allows the program to continue execution after an error has occurred. This is done using the RAISE and WHEN statements. The RAISE statement is used to signal an exception, and the WHEN statement is used to specify the action to be taken when an exception is raised.
What are the benefits of using modules in LSE?
Modules in LSE provide a way to organize code into logical units. They promote code reuse, improve maintainability, and help in managing complexity. Modules can also be compiled separately, which can speed up the development process.
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What you’re looking for early on

Does the candidate have a strong understanding of LSE development?
Has the candidate demonstrated problem-solving skills?
Is the candidate able to communicate effectively?
Does the candidate show a willingness to learn and adapt?

Next 20 minutes

Specific LSE development questions

The next 20 minutes of the interview should focus on the candidate's expertise with specific backend frameworks, their understanding of RESTful APIs, and their experience in handling data storage and retrieval efficiently.

Describe the difference between a procedure and a function in LSE.
In LSE, a procedure is a named sequence of statements that performs a specific task, while a function is a procedure that returns a value. The main difference is that functions return values and procedures do not.
How would you implement concurrency in LSE?
Concurrency in LSE is achieved through the use of tasks. Tasks are independent units of execution that can run concurrently. They communicate and synchronize with each other through protected objects, which provide a safe way to share data among tasks.
What are the principles of strong typing in LSE?
Strong typing in LSE means that the type of a variable is always known and checked at compile-time. This helps prevent type errors, which can lead to unexpected behavior. It also allows the compiler to optimize the generated code based on the known types of variables.
How would you optimize the performance of an LSE program?
Performance optimization in LSE can be achieved through various techniques such as efficient algorithm design, proper use of data structures, minimizing I/O operations, and taking advantage of LSE's support for concurrency. Profiling tools can also be used to identify bottlenecks in the program.
Describe the difference between a protected type and a private type in LSE.
In LSE, a protected type is used for synchronization and communication among tasks, while a private type is used to encapsulate data and operations in a way that hides their implementation details. The main difference is that protected types are used for concurrent programming, while private types are used for data abstraction.
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The ideal back-end app developer

What you’re looking to see on the LSE engineer at this point.

At this point, a skilled LSE engineer should demonstrate strong problem-solving abilities, proficiency in LSE programming language, and knowledge of software development methodologies. Red flags include lack of hands-on experience, inability to articulate complex concepts, or unfamiliarity with standard coding practices.

Digging deeper

Code questions

These will help you see the candidate's real-world development capabilities with LSE.

What does the following code do?
let x = 10;
let y = x;
x = 20;
This code declares a variable x and assigns it a value of 10. Then it declares another variable y and assigns it the value of x. After that, x is reassigned a new value of 20. When y is logged to the console, it will still print 10 because in JavaScript, primitive types are passed by value, not by reference.
What will be the output of the following code?
function test() {
  var a = 1;
  function foo() {
    return 2;
The output of the code will be 'undefined' and '2'. This is because in JavaScript, variable and function declarations are hoisted to the top of their containing scope. Therefore, even though variable 'a' is declared after the log statement, its declaration (but not initialization) is hoisted, leading to 'undefined'. The function 'foo' is also hoisted, so it can be invoked before its declaration.
What does the following code do?
let arr = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5];
let sum = arr.reduce((accumulator, currentValue) => accumulator + currentValue, 0);
This code sums up all the elements in the array 'arr'. It uses the 'reduce' method which applies a function to each element in the array (from left to right) so as to reduce it to a single output value. The output of the code will be '15'.
What does the following code do?
let promise1 = new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
  setTimeout(() => {
  }, 500);
promise1.then((value) => {
This code creates a Promise that resolves after 500 milliseconds and then logs the result. A Promise in JavaScript represents a completion or failure of an asynchronous operation. The 'then' method returns a Promise. It takes up to two arguments: callback functions for the success and failure cases of the Promise.

Wrap-up questions

Final candidate for LSE Developer role questions

The final few questions should evaluate the candidate's teamwork, communication, and problem-solving skills. Additionally, assess their knowledge of microservices architecture, serverless computing, and how they handle LSE application deployments. Inquire about their experience in handling system failures and their approach to debugging and troubleshooting.

How would you ensure the reliability of an LSE program?
Reliability in LSE can be achieved through careful design, thorough testing, and the use of LSE's features such as strong typing, exception handling, and modularization. Code reviews and static analysis tools can also be used to detect potential issues.
What are the challenges of working with LSE and how would you overcome them?
Some challenges of working with LSE include its steep learning curve, the complexity of its syntax, and the lack of widespread use compared to other languages. These can be overcome through continuous learning, practice, and participation in the LSE community.
Describe the difference between early and late binding in LSE.
Early binding in LSE refers to the resolution of symbolic references at compile-time, while late binding refers to the resolution of symbolic references at runtime. The main difference is that early binding can catch errors at compile-time, while late binding allows for more flexibility but can lead to runtime errors.

LSE application related

Product Perfect's LSE development capabilities

Beyond hiring for your LSE engineering team, you may be in the market for additional help. Product Perfect provides seasoned expertise in LSE projects, and can engage in multiple capacities.